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MECHANICS
  1A - MEASUREMENT
  1C - MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION
  1D - MOTION IN TWO DIMENSIONS
  1E - RELATIVE MOTION
  1F - NEWTON'S FIRST LAW
  1G - NEWTON'S SECOND LAW
  1H - NEWTON'S THIRD LAW
  1J - STATICS OF RIGID BODIES
  1K - APPLICATIONS OF NEWTON'S LAWS
  1L - GRAVITY
  1M - WORK AND ENERGY
  1N - LINEAR MOMENTUM AND COLLISIONS
  1Q - ROTATIONAL DYNAMICS
  1R - PROPERTIES OF MATTER
FLUID MECHANICS
  2A - SURFACE TENSION
  2B - STATICS OF FLUIDS
  2C - DYNAMICS OF FLUIDS
OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES
  3A - OSCILLATIONS
  3B - WAVE MOTION
  3C - ACOUSTICS
  3D - INSTRUMENTS
  3E - SOUND REPRODUCTION
THERMODYNAMICS
  4A - THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER
  4B - HEAT AND THE FIRST LAW
  4C - CHANGE OF STATE
  4D - KINETIC THEORY
  4E - GAS LAW
  4F - ENTROPY AND THE SECOND LAW
ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
  5A - ELECTROSTATICS
  5B - ELECTRIC FIELDS AND POTENTIAL
  5C - CAPACITANCE
  5D - RESISTANCE
  5E - ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE AND CURRENT
  5F - DC CIRCUITS
  5G - MAGNETIC MATERIALS
  5H - MAGNETIC FIELDS AND FORCES
  5J - INDUCTANCE
  5K - ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
  5L - AC CIRCUITS
  5M - SEMICONDUCTORS AND TUBES
  5N - ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION
OPTICS
  6A - GEOMETRICAL OPTICS
  6B - PHOTOMETRY
  6C - DIFFRACTION
  6D - INTERFERENCE
  6F - COLOR
  6H - POLARIZATION
  6J - THE EYE
  6Q - MODERN OPTICS
MODERN PHYSICS
  7A - QUANTUM EFFECTS
  7B - ATOMIC PHYSICS
  7D - NUCLEAR PHYSICS
  7E - ELEMENTARY PARTICLES
  7F - RELATIVITY
ASTRONOMY
  8A - PLANETARY ASTRONOMY
  8B - STELLAR ASTRONOMY
  8C - COSMOLOGY
  8D - Miscellaneous
  8E - Astronomy Teaching Techniques
EQUIPMENT
  9A - SUPPORT SYSTEMS / FACILITY
  9B - ELECTRONIC
  9C - MECHANICAL



This is an up-to-date, searchable, interactive version of the PIRA Demonstration Bibliography produced and maintained by the PIRA DCS Committee. It contains about 9265 entries including all of the latest additions and revisions approved by the Committee. Extensive navigation tools pinpoint your location in the Bibliography and enable jumping backwards, forwards, and between any two pages in the listings. Everything which can be live has been made a live link. Most sources are online and references are linked. (Accounts may be required for references in AJP,TPT, and The Video Encyclopedia of Physics Demonstrations.) For other sources, listings link to a suggested page on acquiring the reference. Codes and demonstration names link to a search of the most current Global Demo Web Spider(GDWS) index. Bibliography search result codes link to concept pages in the Bibliography or to a GDWS index search.

This site contains a search engine to an old version of the Bibliography, containing about 7500 entries.
Information in the main body of this bibliography is listed in five columns: PIRA Demonstration Classification Scheme Code, Demonstration Name, Description, Reference, and Source.

The structure of the bibliography is based on the Physics Instructional Resource Association (PIRA) Demonstration Classification Scheme. This classification scheme provides a framework organizing all demonstrations, old and new, current and obsolete, good and bad.

The demonstration name listed in the bibliography is either the name listed on the reference or, if none is given, a simple descriptive name. In cases where there are several common names for a demonstration, the committee has chosen a preferred name.

The description is very brief. It is not intended to be a summary of the reference. One sentence is, in general, sufficient to describe the unique characteristics, if any, of an item.

Each source has a unique numbering format. These unique formats are used identify references in the Bibliography. The formats for the reference column and links to the sources are listed below:


Reference Source
   1.1      Sprott   
   p 1      Bilash and Maiullo   
   Ehrlich 1      Turning the World Inside Out   
   Ehrlich 2      Why Toast Lands Jelly Side Down   
   M-1      Sutton   
   ref.      PIRA Bib   
   Ma-1      Freier & Anderson   
   M-1d      Hilton   
   8-2.8      Meiners   
   M-108      Dick & Rae   
   1A 12.01      University of Minnesota Handbook   
   AJP 52(1),85      American Journal of Physics   
   TPT 15(5),300      The Physics Teacher   
   Disc 01-01      The Video Encyclopedia of Physics Demonstrations   
   PIRA 200      Physics Instructional Resource Association   
   PIRA 500      PIRA 500   
   PIRA 1000      PIRA 1000   

Each demonstration is listed in only one location, even if it is commonly used to illustrate several concepts. The committee has tried to determine the most useful location for any demonstration and included reference pointers to other common locations of demonstration use. The listing "PIRA 200 - Old" in the reference column refers to items which have been removed from or replaced in the PIRA 200 as curricula and demonstration use change and as new demonstrations become available.

All suggestions are welcome and thoughtfully considered. Since this work is based on publications, many unpublished demonstrations do not appear in this compilation. It is important to document unpublished demonstrations for future publication and inclusion. If you notice demonstrations in your collection that do not appear on this list, please communicate with a committee member. The current list of members is:

Brian Andersson banders@physics.umn.edu
Clifford Bettis cbettis@unlserve.unl.edu
Machele Cable cablem@wfu.edu
Roger Feeley rfeeley@facstaff.wisc.edu
Jerry Hester jhester@mtu.edu
Stephen Irons stephen.irons@yale.edu
David Maiullo maiullo@physics.rutgers.edu
Ziggy Peacock peacock@physics.utah.edu
Jason St. John stjohn@bu.edu
Dale Stille dale-stille@uiowa.edu
Sam Sampere sampere@physics.syr.edu
Michael Thomason thomason@colorado.edu
Karl Trappe trappe@physics.utexas.edu
Gerald Zani Gerald_Zani@brown.edu

The DCS committee would like to acknowledge the invention of the first versions of the Digital Classification Scheme and this Bibliography by the late Philip Johnson of the University of Minnesota. His leadership and guidance were key to the development of this database.

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